小编采取了humans of new york 为名字，因为最后那首歌和二个来源脸谱的一个账号，那几个账号就叫humans of new york。
humans of new york。 以致于，听到这几个词，小编差了一点落泪，因为那首歌真的是给失利者听的。
We are built out of very small stuff, and we are embedded in a very large cosmos, and the fact is that we are not very good at understanding reality at either of those scales, and that's because our brains haven't evolved to understand the world at that scale.
Instead, we're trapped on this very thin slice of perception right in the middle. But it gets strange, because even at that slice of reality that we call home, we're not seeing most of the action that's going on. So take the colors of our world. This is light waves, electromagnetic(电磁) radiation that bounces off objects and it hits specialized receptors in the back of our eyes. But we're not seeing all the waves out there. In fact, what we see is less than a 10 trillionth(万亿) of what's out there. So you have radio waves and microwaves and X-rays and gamma rays passing through your body right now and you're completely unaware of it, because you don't come with the proper biological receptors for picking it up. There are thousands of cell phone conversations passing through you right now, and you're utterly(完全) blind to it.
既是我们利用科学一向在追究的记挂、意识可是是大脑的电活动、神经递质的放走。复制人在情理上就颇具了发生灵魂的先天条件。more human than human。
Now, it's not that these things are inherently(本质上) unseeable. Snakes include some infrared in their reality, and honeybees include ultraviolet(紫外线) in their view of the world, and of course we build machines in the dashboards of our cars to pick up on signals in the radio frequency range, and we built machines in hospitals to pick up on the X-ray range. But you can't sense any of those by yourself, at least not yet, because you don't come equipped with the proper sensors.
Joy说 你们是ATGC的结合，而本人是0、1。K回答到 13分之伍的代码，两倍的优雅。
Now, what this means is that our experience of reality is constrained(约束) by our biology, and that goes against the common sense notion that our eyes and our ears and our fingertips are just picking up the objective reality that's out there. Instead, our brains are sampling just a little bit of the world.
Now, across the animal kingdom, different animals pick up on different parts of reality. So in the blind and deaf(聋) world of the tick, the important signals are temperature and butyric acid; in the world of the black ghost knifefish, its sensory world is lavishly colored by electrical fields; and for the echolocating bat, its reality is constructed out of air compression waves. That's the slice of their ecosystem that they can pick up on, and we have a word for this in science. It's called the umwelt(环境), which is the German word for the surrounding world. Now, presumably想必, every animal assumes that its umwelt is the entire objective reality out there, because why would you ever stop to imagine that there's something beyond what we can sense. Instead, what we all do is we accept reality as it's presented to us.
Let's do a consciousness-raiser on this. Imagine that you are a bloodhound猎犬 dog. Your whole world is about smelling. You've got a long snout鼻子 that has 200 million scent香味 receptors in it, and you have wet nostrils that attract and trap scent molecules分子, and your nostrils鼻孔 even have slits狭缝 so you can take big nosefuls of air. Everything is about smell for you. So one day, you stop in your tracks with a revelation. You look at your human owner and you think, "What is it like to have the pitiful, impoverished nose of a human? (Laughter) What is it like when you take a feeble little noseful of air? How can you not know that there's a cat 100 yards away, or that your neighbor was on this very spot six hours ago?" (Laughter)
© 本文版权归作者 川页小顺 全数，任何款式转发请联系笔者。
So because we're humans, we've never experienced that world of smell, so we don't miss it, because we are firmly settled into our umwelt. But the question is, do we have to be stuck卡 there? So as a neuroscientist, I'm interested in the way that technology might expand our umwelt, and how that's going to change the experience of being human.
So we already know that we can marry our technology to our biology, because there are hundreds of thousands of people walking around with artificial hearing and artificial vision. So the way this works is, you take a microphone and you digitize the signal, and you put an electrode strip directly into the inner ear. Or, with the retinal implant, you take a camera and you digitize the signal, and then you plug an electrode grid directly into the optic nerve视神经. And as recently as 15 years ago, there were a lot of scientists who thought these technologies wouldn't work. Why? It's because these technologies speak the language of Silicon Valley, and it's not exactly the same dialect as our natural biological sense organs. But the fact is that it works; the brain figures out how to use the signals just fine.
Now, how do we understand that? Well, here's the big secret: Your brain is not hearing or seeing any of this. Your brain is locked in a vault of silence and darkness inside your skull. All it ever sees are electrochemical signals that come in along different data cables, and this is all it has to work with, and nothing more. Now, amazingly, the brain is really good at taking in these signals and extracting patterns and assigning meaning, so that it takes this inner cosmos and puts together a story of this, your subjective world.
But here's the key point: Your brain doesn't know, and it doesn't care, where it gets the data from. Whatever information comes in, it just figures out what to do with it. And this is a very efficient kind of machine. It's essentially a general purpose computing device, and it just takes in everything and figures out what it's going to do with it, and that, I think, frees up Mother Nature to tinker修补匠 around with different sorts of input channels.
全片只有joi会关注K，唯有AI给了K唯壹的采暖，固然那只是joi的顺序设定，恐怕连最终那句“I love you”也是程序设定好的。作为复制人K连回忆都不是的，但她在joi身上却得到了实际的柔情和回忆，笔者是复制人你是AI又何以？纵然笔者要么接受不了高司令会像肥宅同样沉迷AI女友的设定。
So I call this the P.H. model of evolution, and I don't want to get too technical here, but P.H. stands for Potato Head, and I use this name to emphasize that all these sensors that we know and love, like our eyes and our ears and our fingertips, these are merely peripheral plug-and-play devices: You stick them in, and you're good to go. The brain figures out what to do with the data that comes in. And when you look across the animal kingdom, you find lots of peripheral devices. So snakes have heat pits with which to detect infrared, and the ghost knifefish has electroreceptors, and the star-nosed mole has this appendage with 22 fingers on it with which it feels around and constructs a 3D model of the world, and many birds have magnetite so they can orient to the magnetic field of the planet. So what this means is that nature doesn't have to continually redesign the brain. Instead, with the principles of brain operation established, all nature has to worry about is designing new peripherals.
我们从降生以来，听到的，看到的，回想里的，是实际的么？怎么样才算有所人性？大致就是当大家自主作出人性的支配，服从自身的心志去职业，便是“more human than humans”。
编辑：娱乐八卦 本文来源：humans of new york
关键词： ted s